In its almost 75-year history Formula 1 World Championship a total of 775 drivers from 41 different countries have taken part in at least one race. In 73 seasons so far, 34 different pilots they have managed to conquer the title of World Champion.
In the history of sports so far, only six are the pilots who took the big step, daring to “set up” their own team. Sometimes successfully, sometimes not. Some cases of groups “disappeared” after a few years. Others, such as Stewart Grand Prix, over the years they evolved. And they managed to win one title after another, as Red Bull now!
The last two years the name “Andretti» returned to the fore, with the team created by the 1978 World Champion, Mario Gabriele Andrettito flirt in the previous months with her ceremonial entry into the “magical world” of Formula 1. Unfortunately, a few days ago, the Formula 1 rejected her proposal Andretti Global to join the grid and you can read the reasoning behind the decision by clicking HERE.
Despite being behind her current team Andretti Autosport is located Michael Andrettithe entire legacy comes from his father who won the F1 championship in 1978, the legendary Mario Andretti. On the occasion of Andretti Autosport, we turn the pages of the history book of Formula 1 and remember those who dared and hanging up their racing kit and helmetthey sat in the… owner's electric chair of a Formula 1 team.
Jack Brabham – Brabham (Motor Racing Developments Ltd.) – 1962-1992
Jack Brabham was the one who… opened the dance of the Champions who evolved into team owners. And in fact to this day it is by far the most successful venture in the history of Formula 1.
In the early 1960s, the then two-time World Champion, Jack Brabham and the engineer Ron Tauranac they created the group Motor Racing Developmentswhich produced racing cars for customers, while Brabham himself continued to competes for Cooper. MRD produced cars for the Formula Juniorwith the former appearing at mid 1961. Brabham abandoned her Cooper in 1962 to drive for his own team, the Brabham Racing Organisation, using cars built by Motor Racing Developments.
By 1964 they were a successful team, with Dan Gurney to win in France and Mexico. Brabham himself drove for his own team from the inaugural season until 1970, when he retired from active action. winning the 1966 Drivers' Championship. Even today, the Australian is the only driver who won an F1 title in his own car. At the same time, Brabham was Constructors' Champion in 1966 and 1967.
From 1972 to 1987 the wins continuedamong others with the legendary “fan car” of 1978. However, the big “explosion” happened in the early 1980s and the three years 1981-1983When the Nelson Piquet he took two of his three titles in Brabham cars. The team's last win came from Piquet in France in 1985. Since then a period gradually began which led to the decline of the group. Disputes over Brabham's ownership affected the overall operation of the team, which it permanently ceased operations in 1992.
John Surtees – Surtees Racing Organisation – 1970-1978
Surtees was making slow but steady progress, finishing 5th in the 1972 Constructors' Championship, ahead of teams like BRM, Matra and Brabham. Mike Hailwood scored the team's best result, a second place at the Italian Grand Prix at the Monza circuit.
Despite the fact that in 1973 Carlos Pace climbed to the third step of the podium in the Austria match, the Surtees team went through a period of financial difficultieswhich led to its final closure in 1978.
Graham Hill – Embassy Racing With Graham Hill – 1973-1975
As successful as a driver he was Graham Hill, so diametrically opposed was the path of the group he created in 1973. H Embassy Racing With Graham Hill initially participated with cars that had been bought by the Shadow and Lolascoring just one point in the first two seasons, thanks to Hill's sixth place at the 1974 Swedish Grand Prix.
The first chassis built by the team itself was the GH01, which had clear design influences from Lola. With this car, Embassy won three points in 1975, with a sixth place by Tony Brise in Sweden and a fifth of eventual World Champion Alan Jones, on his track Nürburgring in Germany.
The team had set the bar higher for 1976, but the tragic plane crash which cost him his life Graham Hill, resulted in the deaths of five other members of the Embassy Hill team, including the driver Tony Brise. Fatefully, a few months later the group suspended its operations…
Emerson Fittipaldi – Fittipaldi Automotive – 1975-1982
The group originally had its headquarters in Fittipaldi's hometown of Sao Paulo, almost 10,000 kilometers away from the center of the global automotive industry in United Kingdombefore moving to Reading, UK during 1977.
THE Emerson Fittipaldi became team driver in 1976after leaving McLaren, but was unable to make it a reality the dream of winning the third world title with his own team. In 1980 the team acquired much of Wolf, including the services of the legendary designer Harvey Postlethwaiteof the ascendant Adrian Newey and his Keke Rosberg. Rosberg and Fittipaldi took the podium in Argentina (the Finn was third) and in Long Beach (also third Fittipaldi), but o Fittipaldi retired at the end of the 1980 season. Fittipaldi Automotive went out of business after collecting just one point in her final seasonin 1982.
Sir Jackie Stewart – Stewart Grand Prix – 1997-1999
Of course, Stewart he was never removed from Formula 1. His presence in the paddocks was frequent, but he had not expressed a desire to get involved with the sport from the account of the team owner. Until 1997, when he founded together with his son Paul HSBC Malaysia Stewart Ford. Paul Stewart had created a few years earlier the Paul Stewart Racingsupported by Ford, participating in F3000. The results were average in the first two seasons, with the exception of the unexpected second place to Rubens Barrichello at the 1997 Monaco Grand Prix.
However, a much more competitive car in 1999 made the team a frequent presence in the points, with Barrichello securing its only pole position at the French Grand Prix along with two podiums in the first half of the year. An improved third season encouraged Ford to buy the team for 2000.
The… chaotic 1999 European Grand Prix at Nürburgring brought the team its first victory with Johnny Herbert, while Barrichello was third. Ford's participation, with the name Jaguar Racingcontinued until 2004, when the group was acquired by an up-and-coming Austrian owner of an energy drink company named Dietrich Mateschitz. The group was renamed to Red Bull Racing. The sequel is known…
Alain Prost – Prost Grand Prix – 1997-2001
Last on this list is four-time World Champion Alain Prost; The “master professor” completed the purchase of Ligier just weeks before the start of the 1997 season, a year that proved to be by far the team's most successful.
THE Olivier Paniswho was basically running with one rebuilt Ligier car, was third in Interlago, Brazil, and second in Barcelona, before a double leg fracture sidelined him for seven games. His replacement, Jarno Trulli, was fourth at Hockenheim, while Japan's Shinji Nakano had better results to show. two sixth places in Canada and Hungary.
In the context of a wider ambition to become the “all France” team, the Prost Grand Prix switched from Mugen-Honda engines to Peugeot. The decision did not justify Prost, as the team was unable to develop a competitive car, while the French engine also proved to be inferior to hers Mugen Honda.
Except a second place of Trulli at the 1999 European Grand Prix at the Nürburgring, results were poor. The deal with Ferrari for supply of engines in 2001 could not trigger her rebirth Prost Grand Prix, which at the end of the season closed for good…
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