Europe leads the way in adopting eco-friendly transport, North America strongly advocates, Latin America torn between biodiesel and electricity, chaos in Asia.
Driven by the Renewable Energy Sources (RES) Directive and the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Regulation, Europe is on track to achieve a 32% share of renewable energy consumption by 2030. Cities such as Oslo and Amsterdam sets bold goals for car-free and carbon neutrality by 2030. At the same time, 62% of Europeans agree and are ready to use more renewable energy (RES).
North America, which initially lagged behind, is now picking up the pace. The United States of America is heading toward a clean electricity future, with California not backing down and staying on the path to zero emissions. Canada's ambitious targets for zero-emission vehicle sales reflect a growing environmental consciousness, which is reflected in strong public support for renewable energy (RES).
Latin America's path to renewable energy is a tale of two sides. On the one hand countries like Chile and Colombia are making strides with electric buses and serious investments in biofuels. On the other hand, the environmental impact of palm oil-based biodiesel casts a negative shadow on these “green” efforts. Brazil's booming biofuels industry and Mexico's electric vehicle goals point to a geographic region with conflicting goals.
The Asia Pacific region presents a contrasting narrative. Here the shadow of coal dominates, as it supplies more than half of the region's electricity. But change is underway, with nations like China and India investing billions in renewable energy (RES). Asia's auto industry, with its huge annual output, is at a critical crossroads as it attempts to balance its carbon footprint with a nascent commitment to electric vehicles.
The Middle East and Africa are countries with untapped potential. The desire of states for renewable energy sources is evident, but the road is strewn with obstacles (war situations, small and large-scale civil wars, Houthis, jihadists, armed gangs and other very unpleasant ones). Also, oil dependence and infrastructure barriers are major obstacles. However, strategies such as Morocco's electric vehicle initiative and Saudi Arabia's renewable energy (RES) program are encouraging.