Historian Timothy Garton Ash says the European defense industry is not getting enough orders and the EU is still heavily dependent on the US.
The European Union must create its own armed forces to defend against Russian expansion and become independent from the United States in terms of security. Historian and political commentator Timothy Garton Ash reported this in a column for The Guardian.
According to him, the EU should also urgently increase the supply of ammunition and weapons to Ukraine so that the Ukrainian Armed Forces can not only defend themselves, but also turn the tide of the war in 2025.
The article states that in a market economy, arms manufacturers need large and specific orders before they begin to ramp up production. However, the European defense industry does not receive them in sufficient quantities.
The expert noted that Europe is still heavily dependent on the United States and NATO. The North Atlantic Alliance rests on guarantees under Article 5 from the same States. However, what will Europe do if Washington decides not to defend, for example, Estonia if it is attacked by Russia.
“Or if Putin no longer believes – perhaps miscalculated, as he did with Ukraine – that Washington will do this? If Europe wants to defend itself, it must create armies that people want to join,” Ash said.
Earlier media reported that Russia's war in Ukraine has revived the EU's plans to become even larger. According to journalists, the accelerated expansion of the European Union will occur at a time when the bloc is seeking to strengthen its position, given the war in Ukraine and the split in the world order.
In addition, Poland stated that if Ukraine loses, then Russia may attack NATO countries. Defense Minister Ladislav Kosiniak-Kamysh said that Warsaw will be in full readiness to create the European Union's rapid reaction force as early as 2024-2025.