The calendar showed February 5, 1878 When the Levi Citroena diamond merchant from Holland and his Jewish wife, Masha Amelia Kelinman, from Warsaw, Poland, they heard the cry of a newborn boy.
Apparently at that moment they had no idea that the fifth son of the family which was named Andre-Gustave would become one of them most important industrialists in Europe and he would succeed in putting the whole of France behind the wheel of a car.
THE Second Citroen lost his father young, who committed suicide in 1883. In 1900 he completed his studies at Polytechnic University of Paris and until he entered the production process he visited his mother's relatives in Polandwhere they maintained a textile factory.
There he got ideas from him how the machines work and when he returned to France he built it double helical gear, which was a breakthrough in motoring. He took advantage of this discovery by establishing a cooperative business in 1905which supplied French car manufacturers.
During his World War I Andre Citroen made a bet with himself and won it: to build 50,000 missiles per day. The factory at And de Javelon the outskirts of Paris, proved within three months that he could to produce the number of projectiles that the Polytechnic School graduate had “promised” to his superiors in ammunition productionafter the battle of Marni.
Citroen, which he had a passion for baccarat (card game) and he was the favorite child of the casinos, so he had learned to take risks, but also to carefully thought out moveshe knew he could rely on his organizational skills and patriotism of his workersfor whom, moreover, he was not indifferent – he worked at the factory restaurant for 3,000 workerskindergarten, hospital, cooperative.
After the end of the War, in 1918, his business was left without an object and Citroen decided to turn to car manufacturing. As a brand of his new company adopted the double gallon. There are several theories as to how this particular choice came about.
When Andre Citroen (left) met Henry Ford (right).
THE dominant it's that he did it in memory of the double helical gear. Some say he wanted to remember his service in the military and the war industrywhile others claim it is for masonic symbolas he was an elite member of it Lodge of Paris “Positive philosophy”.
The first model presented by the newly founded Citroen it was Type A, with a daily production of 100 cars, the largest of any other European manufacturer. The model sold approx 25,000 pieces, until 1921, when it was withdrawn from the market. Follow it 5CV in 1923 and 11CV in 1934 where was it the first front-wheel drive vehicle in the history of motoring.
The most expensive evolution of the model brought the company to its knees financially. Creditors started foreclosures and Citroen passed into her hands Michelin tire company. Andre Citroen, overwhelmed by the stomach cancer he was suffering from, died in Paris on 3 July 1935.
With information from sansimera.gr