Although little remains of the farm today, finds hint at its layout. The imposing cornerstone indicates that it was a rectangular building divided by a central aisle
Archaeologists from Cotswold Archaeology have made an interesting discovery at Cawfield Farm in Tewkesbury, England. The find sheds light on the region’s medieval history, revealing fascinating details about how people lived centuries ago, HeritageDaily writes.
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The farmhouse at Cowfield Farm has a rich history that dates back to the 12th or 13th centuries. Initially, there was a building with a rectangular fence on this site. However, the earliest written mention of Cowfield Farm dates back to 1535, when it was part of an estate belonging to Tewkesbury Abbey.
The researchers discovered interesting aspects of the farm’s layout. To the south there was a building for keeping sheep. But what’s particularly intriguing is that the farm’s primary role was to raise cattle.
Such complexes consisted of meadows, dry pastures, hayfields and various buildings. In Caufield, cattle were raised primarily for dairy purposes. However, older animals from this farm were taken to Tewkesbury to provide meat for the residents of the city and the monks of the abbey.
The main farm was demolished and a new one was built in its place with a strong stone foundation surrounded by a large rectangular ditch measuring about 65 meters by 35-55 meters wide.
Although little remains of the new farm today, finds hint at its layout. The imposing cornerstone indicates that it was a rectangular building divided by a central aisle.
On one side there were probably utility rooms, and on the other there were a hall and bedrooms. To the north of the ditch, another large building, probably a cowshed, was erected above the main farm.
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Among the artifacts found were a ceramic roasting tray and a pilgrim badge depicting the Archangel Michael defeating the devil dragon. It is believed that this badge may have originated from Le Mont Saint Michel in France.
This find provides a glimpse into medieval life and agricultural practices. The findings not only enrich our understanding of history, but also highlight the important role of places like Cowfield Farm in supplying food to towns and religious institutions.
Previously Focus wrote about the Trypillian diet. It turns out that the inhabitants of the first megacities in the world did not eat meat.
We also told how ancient scrolls from Petra revealed the life story of a Nabatean woman from the first century.