The most venerable truck in terms of age that has survived to this day is the Daimler-Motor-Lastwagen, produced, just imagine, 125 years ago. Today it is located in the Mercedes-Benz brand museum in Stuttgart.
Interestingly, two years earlier, in 1896, Daimler produced the very first truck in the world. Unfortunately, this car has not survived, so a replica of it is presented on display.
As for the original from 1898, it is designed for a load capacity of 1.25 tons and is equipped with a 2-cylinder gasoline engine with a displacement of 1527 cm3, developing a maximum power of 5.6 liters. With. at 720 rpm. The first buyers of such vehicles were breweries, which transported up to 12 barrels of beer (each containing 60 liters) on one truck.
In the early days of the automobile industry, trucks quickly gained popularity because they were cheaper to maintain than running an entire stable of vehicles, and they also worked faster when fully loaded. By the way, the maximum speed of the oldest truck was only 12 km/h.
Despite the fact that the Daimler-Motor-Lastwagen presented appeared in the century before last, many of the principles contained in it became fundamental for trucks in the following decades. Firstly, there is the engine located under the driver’s seat.
Secondly, articulated steering instead of chain steering. Thirdly, the main gear is gear-driven, which became the prototype of modern axles with planetary gears. And also brakes only on the rear wheels.
But at that time they didn’t think much about driver comfort. The 1898 truck did not have a roof, and therefore the driver was content with only a canvas cape. It’s good that there was wheel suspension – on leaf springs at the front and coil springs at the rear, which dampened vibrations transmitted from the road through the wheels on wooden rims covered with iron.