Former US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger has died. The Nobel laureate, who was born in Germany, died at his home in Connecticut at the age of 100. This was announced by his consulting firm.
As security advisor and foreign minister to US Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford, the Republican significantly shaped US foreign policy. The German-born Jewish refugee’s efforts led to China’s diplomatic opening, arms control negotiations between the United States and the Soviet Union, improving relations between Israel and its Arab neighbors and the Paris Peace Accords with North Vietnam.
“Henry never made a mistake in his mind.”
Ford called Kissinger a “super-secretary of state,” but also pointed to his sharpness and self-assurance, which critics described as paranoia and egotism. Ford said, “Henry never made a mistake in his mind.” While many praised his brilliance, others criticized Kissinger for his support of anti-communist dictatorships, particularly in Latin America.
Despite all the protests, he received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1973 for his contribution to the peace treaty with Vietnam. Kissinger remained active after his 100th birthday, attending White House meetings, publishing a book on leadership and testifying before a Senate committee about the nuclear threat from North Korea. In July 2023 he made a surprise visit to Chinese President Xi Jinping.
Kissinger was born Heinz Alfred Kissinger in Fürth, Bavaria, in 1923. The Jewish-Orthodox family fled the Nazi regime to the USA in 1938. Kissinger was naturalized there five years later and changed his first name.