In addition to carbon neutrality, the European Union also aims for 2050 that there will be no more deaths on its roads. Its objective was to reduce annual road fatalities by 50% between 2010 and 2020 but this goal was not achieved.
After a sharp drop between 2008 and 2013, when the number of road deaths per million inhabitants in the EU fell from around 93 to 59, the decline slowed to a rate close to 52 in 2019. In 2020, a particular year marked by confinements due to the pandemic, the number dropped to 42 but this only amounts to a 36% drop compared to 2010. Faced with this observation, the European Parliament has just proposed a series of measures to the European Commission which could transform them into directives.
Indicating that ” speed is one of the key factors in 30% of fatal road crashes », MEPs are campaigning for a lowering of the speed limit to 30 km / h in town by default. The areas concerned are more precisely ” residential areas and where there are large numbers of cyclists and pedestrians “. They are also calling for a policy of “zero tolerance” with regard to drinking and driving, which is the cause of around a quarter of fatal accidents in the Union. They also plead for the installation of a ” safe driving mode »In mobile devices such as smartphones to reduce the risk of driver distraction.
Towards a European road safety agency?
Parliament invites national governments to create specific funds, supplied by revenue from road fines to finance road safety projects, and in particular infrastructure ” focusing on areas with the highest number of accidents “. This is already the case in France where, officially, 72% of PV amounts are reinjected directly into road safety. The rest is divided between the infrastructures of local communities (in positions that remain unclear, some of which are related to road safety) and the deleveraging of the State. Aiming for a more homogeneous action between the member countries of the EU, MEPs call for the creation of a European road transport agency « to support sustainable, safe and smart transport ».
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Beware of overconfidence
New road safety equipment will be mandatory for all new cars homologated from 2022, including an active speed control system and lane keeping aid. The Parliament nevertheless invites the Commission to assess the new risks induced by these mechanisms ” such as overconfidence and driver distraction In his words. Its goal is now to cut road fatalities in half by 2030.